Peru's central bank left its monetary policy rate steady for the third month in a row citing a further decline in inflation expectations, a slowdown in the depreciation of the sol and a reversal in past price hikes of in some food products and utilities.
The Central Reserve Bank of Peru (BRCP), which in March paused in its tightening cycle after raising the rate four times to 4.25 percent, added it expects inflation this year to average 3.4 percent, down from its previous forecast of 3.5 percent, then 2.9 percent in 2017, down from 3.0 percent, and then 2.6 percent in 2018.
Peru's inflation rate rose to 4.61 percent in January - above the bank's target of 2.0 percent, plus/minus 1 percentage point - but eased to 3.91 percent in April.
Excluding food and energy inflation fell to 3.2 percent in April from 3.6 percent in March.
Peru's sol has been depreciating steadily since August 2014 and fell to a nearly 13-year low against the U.S. dollar in February. But from February 26, when it hit 3.55 to the dollar, to mid-April the sol has firmed.
Since mid-April the sol has again eased and was quoted at 3.33 to the dollar today, still up 2.4 percent since the start of the year.
The Central Reserve Bank of Peru issued the following statement:
"1. The Board of the Central Reserve Bank of Peru approved to maintain the monetary policy
interest rate at 4.25 percent.
The Board has taken this decision considering that:
i) The rise in the prices of some food products and utilities has been reversing and the
depreciation of the sol against the dollar has slowed down;
ii) Inflation expectations have continued reversing gradually;
iii) Local economic activity has been recovering, and
iv) The global economy continues showing mixed signals of recovery in terms of production
and employment as well as lower volatility in financial markets.
2. The Board oversees the inflation forecasts and inflation determinants to evaluate the
convenience of making additional adjustments in the monetary policy rate. Inflation is
expected to return to be within the target range in a period of time similar to the monetary
3. Inflation in April showed a rate of 0.01 percent, as a result of which the interannual rate of
inflation fell from 4.3 percent in March to 3.9 percent in April. The lower monthly rate of
inflation is explained by a partial reversal of food prices and by the lower exchange rate of
the dollar against the sol. Inflation without food and energy recorded a rate of 0.03 percent,
as a result of which the interannual rate of inflation fell from 3.6 percent in March to 3.2
percent in April.
The inflation rate expected for 2016 is 3.4 percent, while the rate expected
for 2017 is 2.9 percent and the estimated rate for 2018 is 2.6 percent.
4. Recent indicators of economic activity and business expectations show similar GDP growth
rates to those of the potential output levels.
5. The Board of the Central Bank also approved to maintain the annual interest rates on lending
and deposit operations in domestic currency (not included in auctions) between the BCRP
and the financial system, as specified below:
a. Overnight deposits: 3.0 percent.
b. Direct repos and rediscount operations: i) 4.80 percent for the first 15 operations
carried out by a financial institution in the last 12 months, and ii) the interest rate set
by the Committee of Monetary and Foreign Exchange Operations for additional
operations to the 15 first operations carried out in the last 12 months.
c. Swaps: a commission equivalent to a minimum annual effective cost of 4.80 percent.
6. The Board will approve the Monetary Program for June at the Board meeting that will be held
on June 9, 2016."