Sri Lanka's central bank left its key rates unchanged, saying inflation is expected to remain in low to mid single-digit levels for the rest of this year while market interest rates have already risen, reflecting the tightening of monetary policy last month.
The Central Bank of Sri Lanka, which raised its key rates, including the standing deposit facility rate (SDRF) by 50 basis points to 6.50 percent in February, added that gross official reserves were estimated to have decreased to US$6.6 billion by the end of February from $7.3 billion end-2015, but mainly due to debt service payments and the supply of foreign exchange to cover the demand from foreign investors who moved their funds away from the government securities market.
The Sri Lanka rupee has depreciated this month and was quoted at 148 to the U.S. dollar immediately after the decision by the central bank, down from 147.5 at yesterday's close and 2.6 percent lower than at the start of the year.
The central bank said the rupee had "remained broadly unchanged" against the U.S. dollar so far this year.
About half of the economists surveyed had expected the central bank to raise rates again today to ease pressure on the rupee while the other half had expected the bank to stand pat while it observes the results of last month's tightening.
In 2015 the central bank cut rates by 50 basis points.
Sri Lanka's headline inflation rate rose to 2.7 percent in February from 0.9 percent in January due to base effects, with the central bank saying the increasing trend seen in core inflation continuing in February, with core inflation rising to 5.7 percent in February from 4.6 percent in January.
Last month the central bank's head of research forecast inflation of 4 -5 percent this year.
Provisional estimates show that Sri Lanka's economy grew by 4.8 percent in 2015, marginally below 2014's 4.9 percent, mainly due to a 5.3 percent rise in service-related activities. Growth was largely driven by higher consumption while investment activities declined, the bank added.
The Central Bank of Sri Lanka issued the following statement:
"According to provisional estimates of the Department of Census and Statistics (DCS), the
Sri Lankan economy grew by 4.8 per cent, in real terms, in 2015 compared to 4.9 per cent in the
previous year. The expansion of the economy in 2015 was mainly supported by services related
activities, which grew by 5.3 per cent during 2015. Agriculture and industry related activities also
contributed positively to the growth during the year, expanding by 5.5 per cent and 3.0 per cent,
respectively. The growth in 2015 was largely driven by an increase in consumption demand, while
investment activities witnessed a deceleration.
Headline inflation (year-on-year) based on the Colombo Consumer Price Index (CCPI,
2006/07=100) increased to 2.7 per cent in February 2016, compared to 0.9 per cent in January
2016, mainly due to the dissipation of the base effect. Annual average headline inflation also edged
up to 0.9 per cent in February 2016 from 0.7 per cent in the previous month. In line with these
movements, year-on-year headline inflation, based on the National Consumer Price Index (NCPI,
2013=100), also increased to 1.7 per cent in February 2016 from negative 0.7 per cent recorded in
the previous month, and was 2.6 per cent on an annual average basis. Meanwhile, the increasing
trend witnessed in CCPI based core inflation continued into February 2016 as well, with core
inflation registering 5.7 per cent, on a year-on-year basis, in comparison to 4.6 per cent in the
previous month. Going forward, with the policy measures already adopted by the Central Bank,
inflation is expected to remain in low- to mid-single digit levels during the remainder of the year.
On the external front, the deficit in the trade account narrowed by 9.1 per cent, year-on-year,
in January 2016 as the decline in expenditure on imports has been greater than the decline in earnings from exports. Earnings from tourism are estimated to have increased by 19.4 per cent in
February 2016, while workers’ remittances, which declined by 0.5 per cent during 2015, recorded
an increase of 8.0 per cent during January - February 2016. Gross official reserves, which stood at
US dollars 7.3 billion at end 2015, are estimated to have decreased to US dollars 6.6 billion by end
February 2016, mainly due to debt service payments and the supply of foreign exchange to the
domestic foreign exchange market largely to cover the demand arising from foreign investors who
moved their funds away from the government securities market. Meanwhile, the Sri Lanka rupee
remained broadly unchanged against the US dollar thus far during 2016.
In the monetary sector, market interest rates have risen, reflecting the tightening monetary
conditions and the transmission of policy actions of the Central Bank. The year-on-year growth in
broad money (M2b), which responds to monetary policy actions with a time lag, remained high at
19.1 per cent in January 2016 in comparison to 17.8 per cent recorded at end 2015. Private sector
credit growth was 25.7 per cent in January 2016 compared to 25.1 per cent in December 2015 and
27.0 per cent in November 2015. In absolute terms, private sector credit grew by Rs. 43.6 billion
during January 2016. Going forward, the growth of monetary aggregates is expected to decelerate
gradually over the remainder of the year, reflecting the impact of the upward movement in market
interest rates, while the envisaged fiscal consolidation path is expected to support the moderation of
Considering the above, the Monetary Board, at its meeting held on 29 March 2016, was of
the view that the current monetary policy stance is appropriate and decided to maintain the
Standing Deposit Facility Rate (SDFR) and the Standing Lending Facility Rate (SLFR) of the
Central Bank unchanged at 6.50 per cent and 8.00 per cent, respectively. "