The Swiss National Bank (SNB), which shocked financial markets in January by scrapping its cap on the exchange rate of the franc against the euro, said the global economic recovery is expected to gather pace again though the difficult financial situation in Greece and geopolitical tensions could still jeopardize this recovery.
But low oil prices and expansionary monetary policy should help global growth and thus demand for Swiss products, helping cushion the impact of the exchange rate shock so growth should rebound in the second half of the year, with growth for the full year reaching just under 1.0 percent.
The Swiss franc jumped around 20 percent against the euro following the SNB's decision to remove its 1.20 euro limit on its exchange rate. Since then it has eased slightly but was still trading around 1.04 to the euro today, up by 15 percent this year.
Swiss exports took a hit from the strong franc and weaker global trade, and the country's Gross Domestic Product contracted by 0.2 percent in the first quarter from the fourth quarter for annual growth of only 1.1 percent.
Switzerland remains mired in deflation - headline inflation was minus 1.2 percent in May, the ninth month in a row of deflation or zero inflation - and the SNB said its latest forecast was largely similar to its March forecast with inflation seen reaching its low point in the third quarter at minus 1.2 percent.
For the full 2015 year the SNB raised its forecast slightly to a fall of 1.0 percent, up from the March forecast of minus 1.1 percent, and for 2016 the forecast was raised to minus 0.4 percent from a previous minus 0.5 percent. For 2017 inflation is seen rising to a positive 0.3 percent, slightly below the March forecast for inflation of a positive 0.4 percent.
The Swiss National Bank issued the following statement:
"The Swiss National Bank (SNB) is leaving the target range for the three-month Libor unchanged at between −1.25% and –0.25%. The interest rate on sight deposits at the SNB remains at –0.75%. Negative interest rates in Switzerland make holding investments in Swiss francs less attractive and will help to weaken the Swiss franc over time. Overall, the Swiss franc is significantly overvalued. The SNB takes account of the exchange rate situation, and its impact on inflation and economic developments, in formulating its monetary policy. It will therefore remain active in the foreign exchange market, as necessary, in order to influence monetary conditions.
The new conditional inflation forecast does not differ greatly from the one we presented in March. Inflation will reach its low point in the third quarter of 2015, at –1.2%. For the subsequent period, the new inflation forecast is slightly higher than in March due to the rise in oil prices. The forecasts for 2015 and 2016 are up slightly, by 0.1 percentage points to –1.0% for 2015 and to –0.4% for 2016. The forecast continues to indicate that inflation will move back into positive territory at the beginning of 2017; there will be a slight slowdown in the rate of increase as the year progresses. The inflation forecast for 2017 is down by 0.1 percentage points, to 0.3%. The conditional forecast assumes that the three-month Libor will remain at –0.75% over the entire forecast horizon, and that the Swiss franc will weaken.
Global economic growth was weaker than expected in the first quarter of 2015, and this development had a detrimental impact on world trade. In the US, GDP declined slightly. In the euro area, however, the economy continued to pick up, supported by persistent euro weakness and improved lending conditions. In Japan, too, the economy gained momentum. In the emerging economies, performance remained uneven, while growth continued to cool in China.
According to initial estimates, Switzerland’s real GDP declined slightly in the first quarter. As expected, goods exports suffered from the strong Swiss franc appreciation, but also from a downturn in global trade. Domestic demand, by contrast, developed robustly. The situation varies considerably from one industry to another, however. Profit margins are under significant pressure in several sectors, and this is forcing companies to take steps to reduce production costs and raise efficiency. Against this backdrop, unemployment has increased slightly on a seasonally adjusted basis.